What are SOILTEQ philosophy’s basic steps?

Agriculture comprises a complex system of interacting processes. As Archambeaud noted, "...when we place soil and its fertility at the center of our activities, we ascertain that positive changes are reflected in the other system parts: climate change, pollution, water quality, soil erosion, etc." To help us work appropriately with soil and hence the whole system, it is important to follow the basic SOILTEQ philosophy steps.



Reorganization of soil structure 

Many years of heavy ploughing and tillage lead to a horizontal structure of the soil with distinct compacted layers. A natural, vertical soil structure has to be restored in order to allow good water infiltration, roots growth and nutrients cycles. Reorganization of soil structure must be done mainly by cover crops: they replace metal by roots and fuel by photosynthesis while adding organic matter to the soil. Taking care of the soil structure is an everyday and long-term mission.


It is important to avoid farming operations in wet conditions as much as possible and consider minimum equipment weight to reduce compaction.


Creating permanent soil coverage 

Soil must be covered by plants as much as possible. Every single day with bare soil means water evaporation, erosion, biological life destruction and time for weeds to develop.



Involvement of mechanization

Setting up SOILTEQ technology on farm does not require any specific equipment. Many farmers practice adaptation of existing machinery to improve quality of operations and evaluate which technics best fit their context. With time and growing expertise, farmers may invest in some specific machinery in order to improve their results and scale up their capacities.

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Use intercropping in crop rotation selection, weed control and management

To select crops, it is necessary to know their advantages and disadvantages.


Cover crops need to be taken into consideration in the selection and term of main crop herbicide treatment, as intercropping creates good competition against the spread of weeds in the period between main crops.

Low-deep tillage and direct sowing methods reduce soil supply of weed seeds and regrowth, and allow you to gradually reduce the volume of herbicides for undersowing crops, as weeds are sufficiently suppressed by undersowing crops.


Strategy of fertilization

High-quality fertilization aims to maintain soil nutrients in a form acceptable for plants in order to prevent losses of nitrogen and other nutrients, e.g. by wash-out.